Deep-Tissue Activation of Photonanomedicines: An Update and Clinical Perspectives

Simple Summary

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a light-activated treatment modality, which is being clinically used and further developed for a number of premalignancies, solid tumors, and disseminated cancers. Nanomedicines that facilitate PDT (photonanomedicines, PNMs) have transformed its safety, efficacy, and capacity for multifunctionality. This review focuses on the state of the art in deep-tissue activation technologies for PNMs and explores how their preclinical use can evolve towards clinical translation by harnessing current clinically available instrumentation.