Tag Archives: in vivo

Modulight Spotlights: LASER-SHARP RESEARCH – December 2022

   Modulight Spotlights: LASER-SHARP RESEARCH – December 2022 This month’s research spotlight goes to H. Wakiyama, H. Kobayashi, et al. at National Cancer Institute, USA. Their study, published in Cancer Immunology Research journal, looked into immunological mechanisms behind hyperprogressive disease. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, despite being a major success story in the field of cancer therapy, unfortunately lead to this rapid progression of cancer in some patients, for yet poorly understood reasons. To study this, the research team partially depleted cytotoxic T cells by photoimmunotherapy, using CD8-targeted Continue reading →

Optimized light delivery in pancreatic cancer

Motivation for the study Efficient light delivery to the whole tumor is one of the main aspects of phototherapy. The efficacy of phototherapy has been demonstrated for several cancers via superficial illumination. Interstitial illumination could enhance light delivery deeper inside the tumor and potentially result in more effective tumor eradication. Hence, the aim of this study is to compare if the therapeutic efficacy of phototherapy is dependent on the light delivery strategies.   Results Phototherapy (PT) with both superficial and interstitial illumination methods efficiently eradicated Continue reading →Customer case University of California at Irvine (UCI), founded in 1965, is a Top 10 public university in USA. It is recognized for cutting-edge and innovative scientific research. Modulight products: ML7710 (689 nm) Laser use: Targeted phototherapy studies with photo-immunoconjugates Link to the study: Nzola De Magalhães, Adjunct Assistant Professor   Motivation for the study Efficient light delivery to the whole tumor is one of the main aspects of phototherapy. The efficacy of phototherapy has been demonstrated for several cancers via superficial illumination. Interstitial illumination could Continue reading →

Light delivery optimization for H&N cancer treatment

Results Illumination with one fiber Some level of tissue heating was observed at all used light intensities. At lower intensities (60-100 mW/cm), less than 5% of the tumor was subjected to >60 ⁰C temperature, a point where irreversible thermal damage will immediately occur (photothermal ablation). At intensities of 150-200 mW/cm, 15-20% of the tumor was at >60 ⁰C temperature. At 400 mW/cm, which is FDA-recommended light irradiance for iPDT, a substantial portion of the tumor, up to 60%, was above 60 ⁰C.   Above figures Continue reading →Customer case Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center was founded in 1898 as the first institute in the US devoted exclusively to cancer treatment and research. It is also the place where photodynamic therapy (PDT) was developed in the late 1970s by Thomas Dougherty. The PDT center at Roswell Park is a leader in the use of photodynamic therapy for treating different cancers. Research work includes treatment planning and light dosimetry for interstitial and intraoperative PDT to improve the quality of life and survival of cancer patients Continue reading →

Combining photoimmunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibition

Motivation for the study The motivation was to study if photoimmunotherapy could enhance anti-tumor immunity when combined with immune checkpoint inhibition. CD44-targeted photoimmunotherapy was applied against poorly immunogenic, “cold” tumor and antitumor effect was studied alone and in combination with anti-PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibition. Sensitization of this “cold” tumor to immune checkpoint inhibition after photoimmunotherapy would mean that the tumor has been converted into highly immunogenic, “hot” tumor infiltrated with killer T cells mainly responsible for eradicating the tumor. The formation of immunological antitumor memory Continue reading →Customer case The Laboratory of Molecular Theranostics at National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a major research section of the Molecular Imaging Program at National Cancer Institute (NCI) and is led by Dr. Hisataka Kobayashi who is the father of photoimmunotherapy. The ground-breaking research includes the development of imaging and theranostic probes with a particular emphasis on optical probes, which can aid in cancer detection during cancer resection or endoscopy. Dr. Hisataka Kobayashi M.D., PhD Dr. Peter L. Choyke M.D., PhD   Modulight products: ML7710 (multiple channels Continue reading →

ML7710 for photoimmunotherapy against regulatory T cells in tumors

    Results Tumor growth was significantly suppressed by photoimmunotherapy, compared to control or IgG without light activation. Tumor growth suppression, as well as overall survival after photoimmunotherapy, were significantly better with F(ab´)2 fragments than with full IgG. This efficacy improvement might be related to killer T cells, which were detected in much higher numbers after photoimmunotherapy with F(ab´)2 fragments and are key cells for the generation of efficient systemic antitumor immunity.       Related Modulight products and Services   Related Publications The Effect Continue reading →Customer case The Laboratory of Molecular Theranostics is a major research section of the Molecular Imaging Program at National Cancer Institute (NCI) and is led by Dr. Hisataka Kobayashi. The groundbreaking research includes the development of imaging and theranostic probes, which can aid in cancer detection and treatment. Dr. Kobayashi has invented near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) with IRDye700DX, which is currently in FDA-designated fast-track Phase 3 trials for inoperable Head & Neck cancer. Dr. Hisataka Kobayashi M.D., PhD   Dr. Peter L. Choyke M.D., PhD   Continue reading →

Novel antimicrobial phototherapy against emerging infectious diseases

      Results PIAS-treated pathogens were effectively eradicated upon NIR illumination. The efficacy of PIAS was dependent on the NIR light dose, 50 J/cm2 eradicating all MRSA from the rat nasal tract (Figure 1). PIAS also saved all mice from fatal MRSA infections, similar to VCM+RFP antibiotics and even more effectively than VCM antibiotics alone (Figure 2). Unlike the antibiotics, PIAS acted selectively on the target pathogen and did not affect host’s normal intestinal microflora (Figure 3). Also generation of microbial resistance, common problem Continue reading →Customer case Research by: The Jikei University School of Medicine located in Tokyo, Japan and founded in 1881 is today one of the three major private medical schools in Japan. This cutting-edge study was done in close collaboration with Professor Hisataka Kobayashi’s Laboratory of Molecular Theranostics at National Cancer Institute. Modulight products: ML6500 (689 nm, 3 W)   Dr. Makoto Mitsunaga, M.D., PhD   Dr. Tadayuki Iwase, PhD   Dr. Hisataka Kobayashi, M.D., PhD Laser use: Photoimmunotherapy and photochemotherapy of cancer (pancreatic, breast, gastric) and infectious Continue reading →

Development of heat shock protein 90-targeted PDT for inflammatory breast cancer

Motivation of the study In photodynamic therapy (PDT), systemically administered photosensitizer is activated within the tumor using focused near-infrared light, typically a laser with a wavelength matching the absorption peak of the photosensitizer. Several photosensitizers have been clinically approved for the treatment of different cancers; however, their accumulation is non-tumor exclusive which exposes healthy tissues to side effects like daylight-induced phototoxicity. A promising strategy to improve tumor selectivity is to couple photosensitizer to a tumor-targeting agent that binds to a specific antigen expressed on the Continue reading →Customer case Research by: Duke University, founded in 1924, is one of the leading and wealthiest private research universities in the USA. The most notable Duke alumni is President Richard Nixon. Research at Duke University has been awarded with several Nobel prizes in recent years for groundbreaking discoveries in biochemistry and medicine, such as G-protein coupled receptors, DNA mismatch repair, and cellular regulation of hypoxia. Modulight products: ML8500, ML7710 (665 nm, 689 nm, 750 nm) Laser use: Heat shock protein 90-targeted PDT for breast cancer Continue reading →

Vascular-targeted phototherapy study for prostate cancer

  Study protocol         Related Modulight products and Services ML7710 – Laser device suited for pre-clinical and clinical applications »      Related Publications WST11 Vascular Targeted Photodynamic Therapy Effect Monitoring by Multispectral Optoacoustic Tomography (MSOT) in Mice Volker Neuschmelting, Kwanghee Kim, Jaber Malekzadeh-Najafabadi, Sylvia Jebiwott, Jaya Prakash, Avigdor Scherz, Jonathan A Coleman, Moritz F Kircher, Vasilis Ntziachristos Theranostics, 2018, 8 (3)   High-resolution optoacoustic imaging of tissue responses to vascular-targeted therapies Katja Haedicke, Lilach Agemy, Murad Omar, Andrei Berezhnoi, Sheryl Roberts, Camila Longo-Machado, Magdalena Skubal, Karan Nagar, Hsiao-Ting Hsu, Kwanghee Kim, Thomas Reiner, Jonathan Coleman, Vasilis Ntziachristos, Avigdor Scherz, Jan Grimm Nat Biomed Continue reading →Basic Info of the Study Research by: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center is one of the world’s premier cancer centers, collaborating with Weizmann Institute of Science research group. Modulight products: ML7710 (753 nm) Laser use: Study effects of vascular-targeted phototherapy in xenograft models Link to the study: Dr. Kwanghee Kim Dr. Avigdor Scherz   Vascular-targeted phototherapy Vascular-targeted phototherapy (VTP) was developed by Avigdor Scherz (Weizmann Institute of Science), and it is now owned by Steba Biotech. VTP agent Tookad was clinically approved for low-risk prostate cancer Continue reading →